National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault

 

American Indian/Alaska Native victims of sexual violence may come into contact with people from multiple disciplines and jurisdictions during the course of their journeys towards healing.

 

Victims in Indian Country may undergo a forensic medical examination with a SANE nurse, discuss the facts of her case with multiple law enforcement agencies, receive services from victim advocacy and victim witness providers, and assist tribal, federal, and/or state prosecutors in seeking criminal justice against her perpetrator(s).  If done on a piecemeal basis, this process imposes an overwhelming burden on the victim.  

 

Many tribal communities have developed a multi-disciplinary, inter-jurisdictional team response in responding to the varied needs of American Indian/Alaskan Native victims of sexual violence.  Commonly referred to as a "Sexual Assault Response Team" (SART), the effective SART brings justice and service providers together to provide a streamlined, coordinated response to sexual violence.  

The SART model has become the standard for responding comprehensively to victims of sexual assault.  Ideally, SARTs are tailored to the legal, cultural, healthcare, and service needs of the jurisdictions that they serve.  SARTS can be informal, cooperative partnerships or they can be formalized, coordinated, multidisciplinary responses that meet on a regular basis. that takes into account the victim’s feelings, make victims' physical and emotional needs a priority, hold offenders accountable, and promote public safety.

 

 

The most commonly included  members of a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) are:

   
۞

Victim Advocates

   
۞ Law Enforcement
   
۞ Prosecutors
   
۞ Victim Witness Personnel Working For Law Enforcement or Prosecutors
   
۞

Sexual Assault Forensic Examiners

 


Because SARTs are tailored to fit the individual communities that they serve, tribes can incorporate others into their team including: SAFESTARs, 911 emergency dispatchers, emergency medical services, corrections, sex offender management professionals, hospitals, elders, and others.

Participation in a SART requires strict confidentiality from all of the team members.

Publications:


Protocols - (9)

Additional Resources - (22)

 

Full Publication List

 

 

Featured Publications

 

AI/AN Sexual Assault Response Team Model

 

AI/AN Sexual Assault Response Team Model

 

This flowchart, developed by the Department of Justice's Office for Victims of Crime, gives a visual representation of how the agency plans to enhance AI/AN communities' capacity to provide high-quality, multidisciplinary services and support for adult and child victims of sexual violence, including assessing AI/AN victims' access to sexual assault nurse examiners.

 

 

Developing a Sexual Assault Response Team

 

Developing a Sexual Assault Response Team

 

This document, authored by the Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, outlines a model Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) protocol for the state of Kentucky.

 

 

Guidelines for Community Response to Sexual Assault in Alaska

 

Guidelines for Community Response to Sexual Assault in Alaska

 

This document outlines Alaska's Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) protocol.

 

 

Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations

 

Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations

 

This 2014 Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) report from the National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative examines federal response to adult and child victims of sexual violence in tribal nations and reports recommendations for improvement.

 

 

Sexual Assault Response Teams: Resource Guide for the Development of a Resource Guide for the Development of a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) in Tribal Communities

 

Sexual Assault Response Teams: Resource Guide for the Development of a Resource Guide for the Development of a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) in Tribal Communities

 

This 2008 report developed by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) provides guidelines and resource tools for the development and implementation of Sexual Assault Response Teams in Tribal communities.

 

 

The Response to Sexual Assault: Removing Barriers to Services and Justice

 

The Response to Sexual Assault: Removing Barriers to Services and Justice

 

This document, produced by the Michigan Sexual Assault Systems Response Task Force, analyzes the current Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) model in Michigan and makes suggestions for improvement.

 

 

National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault, a project by the Southwest Center for Law and Policy © 2017

This project was supported by  Grant No. 2011-TA-AX-K045 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women. Points of view in this document are those of the author and do not necessary represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice. All rights reserved. | Privacy policy   Login