Sexual Violence Against Incarcerated American Indian/Alaska Native Victims
According to some studies, up to 13% of all incarcerated people are victims of sexual violence.
American Indian/Alaska Native people comprise approximately 1.3% of America’s incarcerated population. Sexual violence against American Indian/Alaska Native victims can and does occur in correctional facilities, jails, prisons, and detention centers. This violence can include inmate-on-inmate and guard-on-inmate crimes of sexual violence.
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 [PREA]. The PREA applies to all residents of detention facilities (including facilities located in Indian Country) and aims to provide information, resources, recommendations and funding in order to end sexual violence in prisons and detention facilities. Under PREA, funding for Tribal correctional facilities (through a competitive grant application process) to combat sexual violence.
The National Former Prisoner Survey (NFPS) provided the first-ever national estimates of the prevalence of sexual victimization based on reports of former state prison inmates.
The report, Sexual Victimization Reported by Former State Prisoners, 2008, was released in May 2012.
It was based on 18,526 completed interviews with former inmates under active supervision in 333 randomly selected parole offices nationwide.
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*National Tribal Trial College is a project of the Southwest Center for Law and Policy (www.swclap.org) This project is supported by Grant No. 2017-SA-AX-K001, awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication/program/exhibition are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.