Medical Health Information

Sexual Violence can have serious medical and health consequences for the victim and her family.  The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) tab explains the key role of the SANE in a coordinated Sexual Assault Response Team (SART); SANE certification; and the SANE Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE).

Information and resources about the major sexually transmitted diseases is contained in the Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) tab. 

The HIPAA and Subpoenas tab contains information about confidentiality, court orders, subpoenas, and discovery requests.

SAFESTAR in Alaska is a unique model of care that draws upon the strength and resilience of Indigenous women to put an end to sexual violence and to provide compassionate, holistic care for women and teen victims.

Specially selected and qualified Native women learn the skills necessary to:

  • Deliver emergency First Aid to sexual assault survivors
  • Deliver emergency First Aid to sexual assault survivors
  • Provide referrals for follow-up medical and other care
  • Educate communities on the harm caused by sexual violence and lead the way back to healthy, respectful ways of living
  • Collect sexual assault forensic evidence "rape kits" to promote accountability for perpetrators

The Health Consequences tab has information and resources about the myriad adverse health consequences associated with sexual violence including general physical injuries arising from the assault; genital injuries; gynecological complications; bleeding; infection; pelvic pain; pelvic inflammatory disease; infertility; and urinary tract infections. It is important to note that victims of sexual assault are more likely than the general population to suffer from chronic diseases, depression, anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, substance abuse, alcohol abuse, suicidal thoughts, eating disorders, and gastrointestinal diseases as a result of their trauma.

Contact NICCSA

PO Box: 2100 E Speedway Blvd, Box 40805, Tucson, AZ 85719

Phone: (520) 623-8192
Fax: (520) 623-8246

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*NICCSA is a project of the Southwest Center for Law and Policy ( This project is supported by Grant No. 2017-SA-AX-K001, awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication/program/exhibition are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.