S.A.N.E: Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners

Sexual Violence can have serious medical and health consequences for the victim and her family. The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) tab explains the critical role of the SANE in a coordinated Sexual Assault Response Team (SART); SANE certification; and the SANE Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE).

STI: Sexually Transmitted Infections

Information and resources about the major sexually transmitted diseases is contained in the Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) tab.

Health Consequences

The Health Consequences tab has information and resources about the myriad adverse health consequences associated with sexual violence, including, general physical injuries arising from the assault;

  • genital injuries;
  • gynecological complications;
  • bleeding;
  • infection;
  • pelvic pain;
  • pelvic inflammatory disease;
  • infertility and;
  • urinary tract infections. 

It is important to note that victims of sexual assault are more likely than the general population to suffer from adverse health effects as a result of their trauma. This may include but is not limited to:

  • Chronic Diseases;
  • Depression;
  • Anxiety;
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder;
  • Substance Abuse;
  • Alcohol Abuse;
  • Suicidal Thoughts;
  • Eating Disorders and;
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases.


SAFESTAR is a unique model of care that draws upon the strength and resilience of Indigenous women. SAFESTAR aims to put an end to sexual violence and to provide compassionate, holistic care for women and teen victims.

Specially selected and qualified Native women learn the skills necessary to:

  • Deliver emergency First Aid to sexual assault survivors
  • Provide referrals for follow-up medical and other care
  • Educate communities on the harm caused by sexual violence and lead the way back to healthy, respectful ways of living
  • Collect sexual assault forensic evidence "rape kits" to promote accountability for perpetrators

HIPAA and Subpoenas

The HIPAA and Subpoenas tab contains information about confidentiality, court orders, subpoenas, and discovery requests.

Contact NICCSA

4015 E. Paradise Falls Dr. Suite 131, Tucson, Arizona 85712

Phone: (520) 623-8192
Fax: (520) 623-8246

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*NICCSA is a project of the Southwest Center for Law and Policy ( This project is supported by Grant No. 2017-SA-AX-K001, awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication/program/exhibition are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.