Victims with Unique Considerations

Each Victim Experience of Sexual Violence is different. Not every victim presents with the same needs. This tab addresses some of the unique considerations affecting many American Indian/Alaska Native victims and contains information on topics ranging from the sexual abuse of elders to sexual violence against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning, and Intersex (LGBTQI) victims.

Victim Services for Incarcerated Women

The Center for Victim Research (CVR) invites you to attend our upcoming webinar, “Victim Services for Incarcerated Women on Wednesday, September 30, 2020, from 2 to 3 pm ET. This webinar will present findings from the Urban Institute’s Evaluation of In-prison Programming: Addressing Prior Trauma and Victimization, funded by the National Institute of Justice. Researchers from Urban and the Center for Effective Public Policy will present findings from its national Scan of Practice including the extent to which correctional institutions address victimization and trauma among incarcerated women and seek to advance trauma-informed practices. Specifically, presenters will elaborate on the services and programming state Departments of Correction offer to address trauma and victimization, including community partnerships with organizations and agencies that work with women who have experienced victimization and trauma, and the challenges associated with providing such services. Presenters will conclude the webinar with recommendations.

Spousal Rape

The Spousal Rape tab discusses intimate partner violence, the intersection of sexual and domestic violence, and laws relating to marital rape.  Under the current laws of many jurisdictions, spouses can be convicted for sexual violence committed against their partners.  This tab has resources addressing situations where the victim is married to the perpetrator. 


The Elders tab contains resources discussing the unique considerations of elder American Indian and Alaska Native victims of sexual violence.  For example, the majority of perpetrators of sexual violence against elders are the victims' caretakers. Further, sexual violence against elders is often accompanied by other forms of abuse such as financial or emotional abuse.  When an elder is a victim of sexual violence, care must be taken not to re-victimize her by removing her from her home and placing her in a foreign environment such as in a nursing home off of tribal lands and far away from her support network. 

Victims with Disabilities

The Victims with Disabilities tab discusses unique considerations concerning victims with developmental, physical, and cognitive disabilities. Often, perpetrators specifically target victims with disabilities because they perceive these victims as being more vulnerable and easier targets.  This tab contains information about the legal, healthcare, social services, and other needs of American Indian and Alaska Native victims.


The Teens tab contains information unique to American Indian/Alaska Native teenagers in Indian country. They are often sexually assaulted by someone that they know. American Indian/Alaska Native teens may be especially vulnerable to sexual violence committed by multiple perpetrators. Mandatory reporting of sexual violence against minors and the ability of a minor to give legal consent is addressed in this section.


The LGBTQI tab addresses sexual violence committed against American Indian and Alaska Native victims who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered, Questioning, and Intersex (LGBTQI) or as Two-Spirit.  Two-Spirit victims face many challenges in accessing services, including overcoming the bias and prejudice of first responders and other service providers. Sexual violence against Two-Spirit persons also may rise to the level of a hate crime that may trigger enhanced or additional penalties. 

Students at Schools and Universities

The Students at Schools and Universities tab discusses sexual violence against American Indian and Alaska Native victims on campus.  Young women on campus face some of the highest rates of sexual assault of any population.

Incarcerated Victims

The Incarcerated Victims tab discusses sexual violence against American Indian and Alaskan Native people serving in tribal, federal, state, and local detention facilities.  Incarcerated victims are often assaulted by corrections officers and fellow inmates.  Further, these victims often struggle to receive help or services in preventing further attacks.  Under this tab, you will find laws and resources relating to preventing and responding to sexual violence against incarcerated victims.

Human Trafficking

The Human Trafficking tab discusses the phenomenon of human trafficking in Indian Country.  Here, you will learn about laws relevant to human trafficking victims, how American Indian/Alaskan Native women are much more susceptible to human trafficking than the general population, ways to identify whether a victim is also a victim of human trafficking, and advice about how to best serve human trafficking victims.

Alchohol & Substance Abuse

The Alcohol and Substance Abuse tab addresses the role that drugs and alcohol play in sexual assault.  Perpetrators may ply victims with alcohol to ease commission of the crime or may slip the victim a substance that renders them unconscious. Victims of sexual violence may also self-medicate with alcohol or substances.

Contact NICCSA

4015 E. Paradise Falls Dr. Suite 131, Tucson, Arizona 85712

Phone: (520) 623-8192
Fax: (520) 623-8246

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*NICCSA is a project of the Southwest Center for Law and Policy ( This project is supported by Grant No. 2017-SA-AX-K001, awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication/program/exhibition are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.